Ever see a Rectangle ant hill/mound?

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Master Carpenter ants?

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Grass Care Calendar for Central Florida

MONTH-BY-MONTH GUIDE TO LAWN CARE

(From Month-by-Month Gardening in Florida by Tom MacCubbin/additions by Lukas Nursery)

JANUARY

* NO fertilizer or weed/feed for St. Augustine, Zoysia, or Bahia lawns

* Apply iron at one-half normal rate to renew green if needed

* Apply fungicide to combat “Brown Patch” if needed

* Mow, dig, and spot-kill weeds

* Sow annual rye grass to fill in bare spots and re-green brown lawns if desired

* DO NOT apply pesticides this time of year

FEBRUARY

* First-of-the-year weed/feed application can begin when danger of freezing weather is past

* Remove all growing crabgrass and dormant runners

* Apply a pre-emergence herbicide (repeat treatment may be needed)

* Apply fungicide to combat “Brown Patch” if needed

* Watch for chinch bug and grub activity and treat with insecticide if needed

MARCH

* Complete spring weed/feed applications (temperatures should be below 85 degrees)

* Apply insecticide if you haven’t already to combat chinch bugs, grubs, sod webworm, and bill bugs(Zoysia) if needed

APRIL

* Complete spring weed/feed by early in month if you haven’t already. This is the last chance to do selective weed control before hot weather

* Iron-only feeding (Summer Green) can be given b\Bahia turf if it is showing some yellowing even after earlier spring feeding

* Watch for lawn insects and treat as needed with insecticide DO NOT USE SELECTIVE WEED KILLERS DURING HOT WEATHER!

MAY

* Some vigorous and shallow rooted grasses (bermuda grass, zoysia grass) may need another fertilizer application

* Apply a pre-emergence herbicide if needed

* Apply fungicide at preventive or treatment rate if needed & watch for fungus infestation

* Check Bahia lawns for mole crickets, Zoysia for bill bugs & sod webworm, St. Augustine for cinch bugs & sod webworm, and all lawns for grubs, and apply insecticide if needed

JUNE

* Light fertilizer application if you missed the spring feeding

* Iron-only feeding or Summer Green product if grass is yellowing

* Apply fungicide at preventive or treatment rate if needed & watch for fungus infestation

* Control mole crickets, cinch bugs, grubs, and other insects with insecticide if needed

JULY

* Some yellowing and light green in the lawn is normal this time of year and may actually make the grass more pest resistant. Use iron-only fertilizer (Summer Green) for Bahia and St. Augustine grass or half-strength fertilizer if desired to improve green

* Apply fungicide at preventive or treatment rate if needed & watch for fungus infestation

* Check for Chinch bugs, mole crickets (Bahia), grubs, bill bugs (Zoysia) and other insects, and treat with insecticide if needed

* Mow, dig out, or spot-kill weeds with non selective herbicides (Weed Out/Roundup) during the hot months

AUGUST

* Iron-only (Summer Green) or light fertilizer application to make lawns greener

* Apply a pre-emergence herbicide if needed

* Apply fungicide at preventive or treatment rate if needed

* Check lawn weekly for signs of insects and fungus and treat with appropriate insecticide or fungicide

SEPTEMBER

* Fall feeding with complete fertilizer

* Summer insects and fungus will affect the lawn for at least one more month, treat with insecticide and fungicide if needed

* Apply fungicide at preventive or treatment rate if needed

* Wait until the later part of the month to begin selective weed control. Until then pull or spot-kill weeds with a non selective herbicide (Weed Out/Roundup)

OCTOBER

* Apply fertilizer or weed/feed now if you didn’t in September. Bahia grass will soon begin to slow its growth.

* Insects and fungus begin to decline, however chinch bugs, mole crickets, grubs, and a few other insects might still need to be treated with insecticide

* Mowing, digging, and spot-killing weeds can continue, as well as the use of selective weed-control products. Broadleaf weed types are the easiest to control

NOVEMBER

* Apply winterizer (potassium-only fertilizer) to your lawn.

* Apply a pre-emergence herbicide if needed

* Treat grubs in your lawn, and watch for chinch bugs and mole crickets and treat with insecticide as needed.

DECEMBER

* NO fertilizer or weed/feed for St. Augustine, Zoysia and Bahia lawns

* Fungicide for “Brown Patch” if needed (Fungicides do not help cold damaged lawns)

* Do not use pesticides at this time of year

* Overseed with rye grass if desired
Seminole County Extension Office: 407-665-5550

Orange County Extension Office: 407-254-9200

Lukas Nursery Recommends:

Fertilome Weed & Feed (atrazine) (ST. AUGUSTINE ONLY!) (cool weather) Fertilome liquid Weed-Free Zone (carfentrazone) (cool weather) Fertilome Weed Out (2-4-D) (bahia, zoysia/ not for St. Augustine) (coolweather) Fertilome New Lawn Starter (new sod) Fertilome Winterizer (high potassium) Lukas Nursery Iron Plus Fertilizer (spring, summer, fall) Summer Green (iron, magnesium, manganese) Fertilome Weed & Grass Stopper pre-emergent (Treflan) Fertilome F-Stop fungicide granules or liquid systemic (Banner) Fertilome Bug Blaster, imidacloprid (systemic), or Dylox product (insect control)

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